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Ergonomics is derived from two Greek words ‘Ergo ‘meaning work and ‘Nomo’s’ meaning laws. It means the science of work and a person’s relationship to that work.

It is a scientific discipline that helps to analyze and improve human interaction with machines / equipments and the job environment.

Keeping in mind the human body physiology and new technologies and designs, the application of ergonomics enhances performance/ productivity with optional safety.


Fine movements of hands, fingers or usage of one side or certain parts of the body repeatedly hour after hour , day after  day ,thousands of times  leads  to stress, strains ,accumulation of lactic acid, low energy .

Due to abrasions; tender, muscles, nerves may got inflamed/impinged, leading to tingling numbness on hypersensitivity it then becomes a cycle of events. If not interrupted, repeats itself over & over on long term results in chronic problems.

These symptoms or problems are collectively known as RSI Replitive Stress Injuries/cumulative trauma.

You may have RSI, if you experience:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness in hands or forearms
  • Tingling numbness, in any of your limbs
  • Frequent self massage in aching areas
  • Lack of co ordination
  • Heaviness in your hands, feel like dead weight
  • Hyper sensitivity numbness in legs
  • Back pain
  • Short bursts of pain in the arm, hand, wrist, neck & back

The primary risk factors for the above symptoms are

  • Poor posture
  • Poor technique
  • Over use without adequate frequent rests

In RSI, there may not be a specific patho physiology that corresponds with the pain complaints

With demands for better performance at job, no of people coming with these problems have increased and the average age of the people experiencing these problems has decreased.

Ergonomics & Physiotherapy

Ergonomics & physiotherapy go hand in hand as ergonomics educates about the changes to be made at the workstation system to prevent & reduce the occurrence of symptoms, while physiotherapy goals are to protect and rehabilitate the muscles, tendons, ligaments to its maximum work capacity.

Ergonomics Involves

  1. Posture correction / re education
  2. Changes to be made at your work station
    • Writing desk /computer table
    • Chair: Sitting at work station requires your body to remain in static position for long hours. More support and adjustability in a chair reduces strain placed on your body.
    • Computer: keyboard, monitor and mouse.
  3. Lighting
  4. Educating about correct techniques:
    Using a proper technique involves adopting positions that reduce strain on your soft tissues. Also, altering the techniques occasionally to avoid overuse of particular muscles or muscle groups
  5. Taking frequent and adequate breaks
  6. Stretching & strengthening
  7. Awareness about occupational hazards
  8. Relaxation
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