Aging is a natural process of life. It begins the moment we are born. Strangely enough, most of us live under the illusion that we and our loved ones will never become old. When old age arrives, we are often unprepared. The natural order becomes reversed. The young help to care for the old. Those who need to be taken care of for the first time have a hard time accepting that they need help. This condition is a product of our culture that does everything it can to conceal the loss of youth. Confronting this reality is the beginning of a healthy relationship to life, aging.
Aging represents the irreversible progressive changes that take place in the performance of a cell, tissue, organ or total individual with the passage of time. From a clinical and physiological standpoint, normal aging involves a steady decrease in organ system reserves and homeostatic controls, in conjunction with an increase in prevalence of disease.
Aging involves a reduction in the muscle tone and in the movement amplitude, a degradation in the motor coordination, and a reduction in the respiratory capacities.
In order to slow down the exhaustion of the reserve potential of the different organic system the central axis of every treatment must be physical exercise, mostly aerobic; it is also very important to control the diabetic habits, cardio-vascular problems, degeneration of joints, respiratory problems, hygiene, etc.
At Re-live orthopaedic,physiotherapy and wellness clinic we would begin with proper clinical examination and bring about physiotherapeutic diagnosis of functional abilities, thus developing treatment program and its application.
- Anamnesis: Personal and familiar health history
- Cardiorespiratory Assessment
- Locomotor Assessment.: Atrophies, joint mobility, force, resistance, arthralgias, etc.
- Nervous System: Highly related to the latter: value skills, coordination, reflexes, sensitivity, propioception and kinestesia.
- General somatic control: Stature, weight, body mass index (BMI).
Example of Exercise Program
The session will have warm-up, muscle conditioning (strength), aerobic exercise and cooling.
- Warm-up: 5 min (e.g. to walk quickly).
- Flexibility and coordination exercises: 10 min (e.g:dancing steps, symmetrical and asymmetrical…).
- Strength: 10 min (e.g. use of small gadgets.).
- Pure aerobics: 30 min (e.g. Cycle-ergonometer, jogging, etc)
- Cooling: 5 m (e.g. to walk slowly).
Frequency: 3 to 5 times per week.
The exercise program will emphasise on:
- Flexibility and coordination: in order to integrate both brain hemispheres.
- Muscle strengthening program: for improving muscle tone, strength etc.
- Aerobic exercise:which will be the central axis of the session, since they help to improve the cardiorespiratoy and musculoeskeletal strengthening.
- Breathing exercises: The maximal force generated during inspiration and expiration decreases with age, as the diaphragm and intercostals become weaker. The chest is less able to stretch to breathe, and the pattern of breathing may change slightly to compensate for this decreased ability to expand the chest. Thus the breathing exercises plays a vital role in improving and in maintaining the lung functions and the lung volume.